A-Stone's School of Music
Piano/Voice 1&2 is a class for students of all ages, backgrounds and needs (including special needs) to gain or advance their piano playing ability along with learning vocal technics. Students spend a majority of this class in a group setting under the direct coaching of the teacher. Other aspects of the class include learning songs vocally and on piano, so that they will be able to perform in a concert on the 12th week of class. Those students who already have piano performance ability are also very welcome as the class will allow them to progress their playing from whatever level they may be at. Students without piano performance ability will start at a basic level and progress throughout the class.
Develop lifelong piano and vocal skills for any genre
Introduce Students to language, rhythm and style of Music; specifically playing Piano in Gospel, R&B, Pop and Jazz
Students will learn and memorize Note names, scales, diatonic chords and special voicing associated with the Gospel, Pop and Jazz genre.
Student will learn and memorize melodies to 3 - 4 songs that they will display during Recital/Concert
Student will use Visual Aids to reinforce the rhythm and tempo/real-time of class lessons and homework assignment
Student will learn and memorize vocabulary terms used to speak music language etc.
Bassline, invert, melody
Student will learn to improvise using chords
Demonstrate the ability to learn simple melodies by ear.
Demonstrate the ability to 'comp' chord progressions.
Demonstrate the ability to demonstrate to playing scales: C, F, G, Eb, and Ab.
Demonstrate musicianship skills in performance of selected and approved music.
Headphones (w/earbuds recommended)
Electronic Keyboard with metronome & foot pedal (recommended)
3-Ring binder w/Notebook (for music)
Pencil or mechanical pencil (No pens!)
Audio and Visuals Aids etc. Audio CD, DVD and YouTube links
A-Stone’s Special Formula for Accelerated Piano by Ear
Memorize the following:
2 hands; right and left
12 Note names (7 white keys 5 black keys) black keys have two names
4 Scales (per semester)
7 notes in each Scale
7 Diatonic (3-note) chords
4 (7th chords) (4 note chords)
3 to 4 Songs by end of Semester
*Student will set individual Goals…. based on their own or church needs.
Vocabulary Terms #1
Keyboard- A keyboard instrument is a musical instrument played using a keyboard, a row of levers which are pressed by the fingers.
Melody- Is a sequence of pleasing sounds that make up a particular musical phrase.
Traditions- Old school songs; “Glory Glory”, “This is Day” and “I’m on the Battlefield for My Lord”
Hymn- A religious song or poem, typically of praise to God or a god
Flat- (b) lower a pitch 1/2
Sharp- (#) raise a pitch ½
En-harmonic- Two names for the same pitch
Octaves- A tone on the eighth degree from a given tone
Accidentals- Are the sharps and flats notes on the keyboard
Preacher Chords- Chords played while the preacher is preaching
Metronome- A device used by musicians that marks time while practicing
Harmony- The combination of simultaneously sounded musical notes to produce chords and chord progressions having a pleasing effect.
Bass-line- The lowest part or sequence of notes in a piece of music.
Chords- 3 or more notes played together
Inversion- When a triad is played on the piano keyboard it can represent in three positions; the root (or original), 1st inversion and 2nd inversion. When a chord is made of four notes, that specific chord can be inverted three times. The chord in its original position is not included.
Improvisation- Create and perform (music, drama or verse) spontaneously or without preparation.
Syncopation- The most common forms of playing off the beat in piano music.
Voicing- A choice of spreading out or arranging the note in a chord.
White notes are called Naturals.
Black notes are called Sharps and or Flats.
Review of Note Names https://youtu.be/HaA3_PXx6Mo
Practice Link #1
Note name exercise https://youtu.be/kt1ykCtOu-g
1.) Octave- A repeated tone eight notes higher or lower from itself
2.) Musical Alphabet- & letters A-G No “H”
3.) Sharp- to go higher by a ½ step of a natural note moving to right
4.) Flat- to go lower by a half step natural note moving to left
5) Accidental- 5 sharps or flats or black notes
6) Naturals- 7 White notes
7) Enharmonic- two notes that are the same but different names
Our Class Goal is to learn and memorize 4 scales out of the 12……C,F,G,Eb
Scale- Selection of Certain notes within an Octave. The First group of Scales we will discuss are:
Major Scale- Happy scale; however, there are other scales like chromatic, minor, blues, pentatonic and more. One of the most commonly used musical scales. Like many musical scales it is made up of seven notes. The eighth duplicates the first.
Major Scales with Correct Fingering
Practice Link #2
Playing C major scale separate hand https://youtu.be/0QBlq75LWck
Practice playing f major scale separate https://youtu.be/CfqTNOEswpM
Practice playing G major scale separate https://youtu.be/iUL_qgr9UIQ
Practice playing Eb major scale separate https://youtu.be/qXo4J8q1OD0
Every major scale has 7 special chords that relates or represents that note called diatonic triads, which are formed from the scale notes.
Diatonic triads- 3 note chord built off of every note of the Scale
Practice link #3
Playing diatonic chords https://youtu.be/cepQVdpZB5U
Correct fingering- played with giving fingering
Right hand- playing scale smoothly with right hand with correct notes
Left hand- playing scale smoothly with left hand with correct notes
Both hands -together- playing both hands smoothly with both hand together
Cross under- where finger cross under to finish sequence of scale
Cross over- where finger crosses over to finish sequence of scale
Metronome- a device used by musicians that marks time at a selected rate by giving a regular tick
Chord Names and Number System
What is a Chord? 3 or more notes played simultaneously (at the same time) with given hand grip.
Grips are special hand fingering to play chords like grips 1-2-4 or 1-3-5
Ex. Play 1-2-4 Grip starting on C, Move it up to F and then G; then back to C
These 3 Chords are called Primary Chords or Major Chords. They are the most common chords you will hear in most songs. They have a distinctive a Sound.
MANY SONGS have 1-4-5 PATTERN SONGS (Magic chords that sound great together in any key)
Ex. Play 1-2-4 Grip starting on d, move it to up to a; then back down to e. These 3 Chords are called Secondary chord or Minor Chords. They have a distinctive sound also. What is it? MANY SONGS 6-3-2 PATTERNS
Ex. Play 1-2-4 Grip starting on b; The b chord is called a diminished Chord. It has a very special sound. What is it? It IS MORE OF A TRANSITION CHORD
Major chord- the number 1-4-5 chord
Minor chord- the number 2-3-6 chord
Diminish chord- the number 7 chords
Skip –A-note chord pattern
*How to make major- into a minor or diminish
SONG SELECTION 12 WEEK
Heart and Soul by Hoagy Carmichael
Chord pattern 1-6-4-5-1
CD Tracks 1-4
My God is Awesome by Charles Jenkins
Chord pattern 1-5-6-4-1
CD Track 11
How great is our God by Chris Tomlin
Chord Pattern 1-6-4-5 -1
Freedom by Eddie James
Chord pattern 1-5-6-4 -1
Every Praise by Hezekiah Walker
Chord pattern 1-6-4-5-1
Refer to hand out and Audio CD for rhythm. These 3 Chords are called Primary Chords vs Secondary Chords
Primary Chords 1-4-5, PATTERN SONG Secondary Chords 2-3-6-7
Refer to Hand and Accompanied Audio CD for Vision Aid Assistance
CHORD INVERSIONS and SLASH CHORDS
Every 3 note chord has 3 position or inversions TO HELP HARMONIZE THE MELODY OF A SONG
Root………………..CEG…………using 1-2-4 Grip
1st position…………EGC…………using 1-2-4 Grip
2nd position………...CEG……….....using 1-3-5 Grip
Exercise: Play 1-6-4-5-1 (using all three position)
Root position- the vertical distribution of the written notes of a chord in which the root of the chord is in the bass
Invert- rearrangement of the top-to-bottom elements in an interval, a chord, a melody, or a group of contrapuntal lines of music. The inversion of chords and
A seventh chord is a triad which has been extended to include the 7th. Seventh chords create a much fuller sound than triads and are used in jazz music to create richer harmonic progressions.
There are 5 main types of seventh chord that you need to learn – major, minor, dominant, half diminished and diminished. Learning these chords and understanding their function in harmony is essential for learning jazz piano. The vast majority of chords you will come across in jazz will be one of these 5 chord types.
Major 7th Chords
First of all, we have the major 7th chord. The major seventh chord is built by playing the 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th notes of the major scale.
The interval relationship is root, major 3rd, perfect fifth, major 7rd. In the key of C, the root of the chord is C, the major 3rd is E, the 5th is G and the major 7th is B. We can also build a major 7th chord from a major triad with a major third stacked on top.
Dominant 7th Chords
The dominant 7 is a very important chord. It has an unstable sound and wants to resolve to a major chord a fifth away. Dominant chords give movement & tension to a piece of music.
Dominant chords are built by playing the 1st, 3rd, 5th and flat 7th of the major scale. A quick way to build a dominant chord is to play the major chord and then lower the 7th note by half a step. We can also build a dominant 7th chord from a major triad and a minor third stacked on top.
The interval relationship of dominant chords is root, major 3rd, perfect 5th, minor 7th. It’s important to note the presence of the tritone interval in the chord. This is what gives the chord it’s unstable and tense harmonic quality. If you are unsure on what a tritone is, watch the lesson on intervals.
Minor 7th Chords
The minor 7th chord is built in the same way as the major 7th chord except we use the 1,3,5 & 7 from the natural minor scale. The interval relationship is root, minor 3rd, perfect fifth, minor 7th.
To find out the natural minor scale you simply take the major scale and lower the 3rd, 6th & 7th notes.
You can also build a minor 7th chord by playing the major 7th chord and then lowering the 3rd and 7th note by a half step. Alternatively, play the dominant chord and lower the third by half a step.
We can also build a minor 7th chord from a minor triad with a minor triad stacked on top.
Minor 7 b5 Chords
The minor 7 flat 5 chord, also known as the half-diminished chord is most commonly used as the 2 chords in a minor 251 progressions.
Minor 7 flat 5 chords are built using the 1, b3, b5 and b7 of the major scale. A simpler way to build a half-diminished chord is to play the minor chord of the key and flatten the 5.
We can also build a minor 7th chord from a diminished triad with a major third stacked on top. The interval relationship of a half-diminished chord is root, minor 3rd, diminished 5th & minor 7th.
Diminished 7th Chords
Finally, we have the diminished 7th chord. Diminished 7th chords are the strangest sounding chords of those we have covered so far.
A diminished chord is 3 stacked minor thirds so the interval relationship is root, minor third, minor third, diminished 7th. You could also look at diminished chords as a minor 7 flat 5 with a double flatted 7. We can also build a diminished 7th chord with a diminished triad and a minor third stacked on top. The diminished chord does not have a definite tonal center which makes them sound ambiguous. You can use this as a device to add tension to a piece and the resolve the chord.
The best thing about diminished chords is that you only have to learn 3 of them for all 12 keys as when you invert the chord it creates a diminished chord a minor third above.
Print: Piano 1 Course Syllabus
(Students MUST bring a copy of the syllabus to every class and bookmark for practice.)
Print: Responsibilities and Obligations
(Students MUST bring this signed form by the 2nd week of class.)
**PLEASE NOTE: YOU WILL NEED MICROSOFT OFFICE WORD OR OPEN OFFICE TO OPEN THE FILES ABOVE**